Time for a greener architecture

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The Gestalt school identified several principles of use to artists and architects, but the most important is that of balance – that is, the constantly shifting balance that balances all opposites within the constantly shifting matrix of reality. Interestingly the principles of form found in the natural world are not dissimilar to the Gestalt principles that also operate in the unselfconscious human building traditions I referred to at the beginning of this article. Vernacular building traditions have evolved slowly over long periods of time and thus possess some of the coherent organic order found also in Nature. As in animal architecture, vernacular architecture possesses an inherent beauty: the beauty of integrity and unity. Such beauty emerges from the totally balanced integration of a system, its function and use into the broader realms of Nature.

So have we stumbled onto the reason why so many modern human-made environments fail to come up to the quality of some older towns and cities? At root the problem seems to lie in the spiritual posture that we adopt with Nature. Many people would now accept that as humans we are completely co-terminal with Nature. However, in claiming ownership, as we do, of that part of Nature that we call -self’, we not only separate ourselves from Nature but also separate ourselves from our own environments. Yogis tell us that the transcendental world of the spirit – the world of unity and pure consciousness – supports the relative world at each point. They tell us that the transcendental realm is a world without qualities yet gives rise to and sustains all qualities. They tell us that it is to be found in the -gap’ between the different states of consciousness: waking, dreaming and sleep; in the silences in music; between syllables in spoken language and even between our thoughts. The great 19th-century Indian holy man Ramakrishna Paramahansa was once asked, -Where do I find God?- His reply was, -Look between two thoughts.- This gap between perfectly balanced opposites is where life and spirit enter the relative world. It is also the vital middle ground between a subject and an object that defines the -mean’ and gives the meaning.

In conclusion we can say that it is order that gives life to a work and it is order that gives a work its spiritual dimension. It is in the perfect orderliness of a great work that the two worlds of materiality and spirit conjoin. Order is the agent that serves as the conduit between these two realms. Dare we say that -orderliness’ is next to -Godliness’?

Plymouth architects

Things to consider while buying garden sheds

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Garden sheds are sort of multipurpose storage place wherein you can store from most important to less important things in your property. The two major types of garden sheds available are In plastic and wooden. The durability of the shed depends on the material. There are many manufacturers and suppliers of garden shed in Bolton. So once you have selected which type of shed to go in for then the further segregation comes according to your use. All the manufacturers make custom made products to fit in your garden. You can order shed if you fit in any one of the following.

Sheds by size: most important factor to keep in mind while buying a shed. The size of the shed should be according to your utility and requirement. Its not the best idea to go for bigger shed when you are never going to use it.

Garden shed: normal shed to store the gardening equipments. Its not required to go for a massive shed if you are just going to store equipments.

Security shed: tough material of the shed to store the valuable or your household things which you don’t use it regularly but needs to be stored safely.

Summer houses: small arrangement for you to relax while your barbeque is cooked.

One can also fit a concrete garage type of arrangement in the garden. However this arrangement is going to be permanent and not easy to move compared to the wooden garden shed. Concrete garages are best explained if your purpose is not served by the wooden garden shed. If the requirement of the space is more then only one should go for concrete garage arrangement. There are many designs of concrete garages available in the market few of them are mentioned below to fit ones need.

Apex concrete garage: storing use with a distinctive look to fit your property.

Sloping concrete garage: simple arrangement giving a building like look.

Elite: more durable with the use of PVC and bricks and better quality of doors.

Double: need for more room can be satisfied by this arrangement with affordable prices.

Attached: sturdily attached to the house to increase the storage area.

Battery: three or more concrete garage arrangement to fit the need. Can be of same or of different length. Doesn’t need to be fitted in the same line.

X-height: little elevated than the normal garage so that high rise vehicles can fit easily.

Above are some of the tips to make your selection of shed easier.

David Botham currently researching on garden sheds. Stay connected with David for more information about garden sheds and concrete garages.

Enterprise architecture helps enhance the business strategies

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IT industry is the leading sector in the commercial business world. It has many streams to develop the business and to leave the footprints across the globe. They are IT services, hardware implementation, software development, marketing and many more. Software development is the major stream to gain popularity with new innovative technologies and applications. There are numerous platforms and programming languages to develop several software programs and applications to enhance the business. They are Java, HTML, XML, C++, embedded C, Dotnet, visual basics, Siebel, primavera, oracle, SQL and many more. All these platforms are used to design, code and develop multiple applications both for web and desktop purpose.

These days, many organizations are looking for the new innovations to enhance the businesses. Enterprise architecture is the one, which can help organizations enhance the efficiency and flexibility. It helps the business to identify the marketing strategies in several ways to increase the competency and performance. This stream has the ability to translate these marketing insights and needs to common business language of IT strategy to maintain the relationship with the business line executives. It can solve several issues in business to understand the multiple products, platforms, strength and weakness. Generally, it is defined as the process of translating the business strategies into an effective way of enterprise.

These days, many organizations are offering enterprise architecture jobs to enhance their marketing ideas to give an outstanding performance. People, who enter into this field, are designated as enterprise architects. They can assist the organizations to accomplish the business values and to drive the smarter initiatives to improve the performance. Creation, improvement and communication is the key requirement for this architecture that is varied by the principles. It has improved the models with different specifications to describe the evolution. It has a good scope in the IT world with many processes and enterprises to get the benefits.

It has several frameworks such as IAF, EAF, DoDAF and TOGAF. These frameworks are also used to improve the flexibility and growth in the industry. It is the major applications to develop the communication among all kinds of business units to get more industrial needs. In today’s innovative world, many IT companies have implemented this stream to maintain the growth and unit relationship. It is important to manage the several requirements and units in the industry. For that, you have to develop the communication to avoid many hassles. Hence, enterprise architecture is the one to maintain these communication and relationship and improve the performance.

Get more information on: Enterprise Architecture Jobs & IT Service Desk Jobs

Residential Plots In Delhi Ncr

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Having an own property or land in Delhi NCR is like a dream, the rates of properties are rising as sky-scrapping. But still the demand and the requirement of property in Delhi NCR is not less. Delhi (Capital of India) is having its own reputation in market in terms of its properties. This city remains all time favorite place for each and every one who wants to establish their business. Delhi is divided into North, East, South, West and Central regions. The most expensive and posh regions in Delhi are Central and south for both commercial and residential sectors. There are different types of housing arrangements including small flats, small plots meant for individual houses or residential plots, big kothis, and multi-storied housing complexes as well as modern apartments.

Highly demanded property in Delhi is Residential plots or lands. Many people are investing their hard money in buying commercial and residential plots. Different size of plots is available and cost of those plots varies accordingly. People who have invested here in this city have gained tremendously business wise as well. Premium in residential areas such as Defense Colony, Vasant Vihar and Greater Kailash has been a significant number of transactions. As a result, there is very little stock waiting to be sold. Property value starts from Rs. 1.5 crore onward for simple 2/3 BHK Apartment. Even many people are purchasing the residential plots or lands in Delhi. Due to high demand of property many big real state builders are moving towards Gurgaon, Faridabad, Ghaziabad and Noida.

Mainly Gurgaon has emerged as one of the developed cities in the NCR region. Gurgaon is one of the fastest growing real estate sectors in the country. It offers residential plots, commercial and residential properties. In past few years, Gurgaon property price has been on the increase. It gives you an idea about that the price of plots is around Rs. 4,500 per square foot.

To get residential plots or lands in a best price, go to the various free online classified websites who gives the full information regarding the plots with best price and location or to know more about residential plots in Delhi NCR visit Khojle.

c Lotus Panache Is A New Residential Property At Sector 110 Noida

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C Lotus Panache is a hot selling residential property up for sale in Noida. Enjoying the most desirable location in Noida- Sector 110, 3C Lotus Panache enjoys all the benefits of being situated at a spot which is extremely well linked with all points of commercial, business as well as recreational interest in Noida as well as adjoining areas of Delhi NCR such as Greater Noida and Ghaziabad.

Exceptionally well planned and designed, 3C Lotus Panache offers a wide range of residential options in the form of 11 different types of 2, 3 and 4 BHK Apartments for Sale in Noida. Spaciously set up, these flats have range between an area of 988 and 2587 sq. ft, and have been priced between 30 and 99 lakhs.

If you wish to book a flat at 3C Lotus Panache, we at Uniconproperty.com can help you in doing so with our exclusive zero brokerage services on the sale of new residential property in Noida.

3C Lotus Panache is an exclusive residential complex that is loaded with luxurious amenities to offer to its residents some of the highest living standards in Delhi NCR. All flats at 3C Lotus Panache are Green Homes, specially planned to serve as environment-friendly abodes.

As the 3C Group is highly focused on developing real estate properties that meet all standards of Green Living, Panache is yet another offering that is perfectly in tandem with the principles of the 3C Group, offering amenities such as Net Zero Energy Technology, Geo Thermal Technology, Vertical Landscaping, Carbon Credit Sharing and 3-Side Open Apartments.

3C Lotus Panache is spread out over a humongous area of 41 acres, and those who book a flat in this magnificent residential property in Noida will be pampered with a host of comforts and conveniences such as 5 Swimming Pools, Lawn Tennis Courts, Opti Golf, Table Tennis, Multi Utility Sports Hall, Kids Play Area and many more. So book a flat at 3C Lotus Panache today and secure an amazing lifestyle for yourself!

The Advantages On Garden Playhouse

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Children consider play as an enjoyable moment of their lives. This is where they can exercise their imaginative and creative thoughts. As you have noticed, most of the time kids love to play together with their friends. They rather want to play than reading or studying their lessons in school. For them, play is their work and the day will not be completed without it. In the growth and development of every child, play is also one of the important factors to help in developing their skills and behavior. When the child plays, there are unique behaviors that you can notice, like for instance, dealing with their friends and taking their role in the play.

Moreover, the attention of the kids will be caught if they will be able to see an incredible garden playhouse at home. Garden playhouse is one of the amazing gifts that parents or grandparents can give to their kids. Garden playhouse can be made up of plastics, woods and many more. Most of the times, woods are the most popular as it provides greater safety to the kids. Garden playhouse comes with an attractive colors and designs that would surely ignite the energy of the kids to play more. Aside from the above mention benefits, as it allows the development on skills and behavior, it will also strengthen up their bones and muscles as they are growing up. Thus, having garden playhouse will allow the kids to have fun and exercise at the same, instead of doing sedentary lifestyle like seating the whole day on their couch, playing video games, watching movies on television and eating fatty foods that are not healthy.

Garden playhouse is perfectly designed so that the kids will be able to exercise the gift of creative mind. In line with this, garden playhouse was also made at high quality and standard to provide safety to the kids. In addition to that, garden playhouse has different styles from the medieval period until the present times. Because of its benefits and advantages that it provides to the kids, garden playhouse is now made available through online shopping for convenient to the part of the customers. Since garden playhouse is accessible online, manufacturers and suppliers makes their site attractive and convincing to the public by providing pictures and important details through which the customers requires to be inform. With this information that were made accessible online, customers can choose the best garden playhouse for their kids and at the same time budget the money for its cost.

Axial Fan Housing With Integral Venturi

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The present invention relates to the field of fans for displacing air. More particularly, the invention relates to vane-axial fans for aerating, heating, or drying agricultural spaces and grain stored therein. The present invention provides an improved housing having an integral venturi for such fans. Axial fan and heater is well known in the agricultural arts. Such fans are typically mounted to the outside of a grain bin near its bottom. The outlet end of the fan housing communicates with the grain bin while the inlet end extends outside the bin. The inlet end typically includes a vertical endplate having an inlet opening. Outside air is drawn through the inlet opening then circulated through the bin to dry or aerate the grain before being vented from the bin.

Attaching a venturi to the inlet end of the fan has been found helpful in reducing fan inlet losses due to turbulance, and thus enhances air flow performance. Existing venturis for axial fans comprise a separate ring-shaped attachment mounted on the inlet endplate outwardly adjacent the intake opening. These venturi attachments protrude outwardly beyond the inlet endplate, which lengthens the overall package length of the fan and invites damage from collisions.

The present invention provides an integral venturi housing for an vane axial fan. The housing includes a main body having an outlet end and an inlet end opposite the outlet end. An inlet endplate is secured across the inlet end of the main body of the housing and has an inlet opening therein circumscribed by an adjacent venturi-shaped flange integrally formed in the inlet endplate so as to extend axially into the main body toward the outlet end. The inlet end of the main body can be fitted and secured against the inner surface of the flange to hold the inlet endplate in place.

Whereas the invention has been shown and described in connection with the preferred embodiments thereof, it will be understood that modifications, substitutions, and additions may be made which are within the intended broad scope of the following claims. From the foregoing, it can be seen that the present invention accomplishes at least all of the stated objectives.

Positioning Office Furniture

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For most people, arranging office furniture may be a low item on their priority list. However, if an individual has an office at their home or at their job, it is very important that they consider how it should be arranged. It is also important to note and know that there are professionals who hired to perform these duties in large corporations and other businesses. These people are hired to arrange offices and work areas in order to increase worker productivity.

Each office area in a large corporation is strategically arranged; specifically areas that have large volumes of employees working in customer service type of positions. Therefore, two of the major goals or objectives in setting up a properly arranged office are productivity and comfort. Sometimes the individuals in an office may want to arrange the furniture in order accommodate or make their clients more comfortable. Other people may want to arrange the furniture in the office to make their work activities more productive. While other people want the furniture to be arranged so that it is very pleasing and attractive to them and the person that comes in to visit.

The size of the room should be measured before purchasing the furniture from a local furniture store or shopping for different items online. Also, the size of the room will allow the person to make a preliminary plan or outline of where they want the office furniture to be placed in. Because the desk is the most important piece that will be placed in the room it should be positioned first. The desk is also is the focal point and other furniture will be positioned around it.

If productivity is the major goal or objective, the desk should be positioned near all of the electrical outlets. Positioning the desk near the electrical outlets will allow the person to plug and unplug the computer, lights, and other machinery without having to get up and down. The desk should also be position, if possible, near a window, which will give the individual the amount of light, especially if they will be working throughout the day time hours.
Machines, file cabinets, and other office supplies should also placed near the desk. The goal is to place the things that are most commonly used as close to the person as possible. This will keep them from having to get up multiple times to perform certain activities.

Garden Designer – 6 Benefits To Hiring A Pro

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Even if you love do the gardening yourself, a professional garden designer is worth calling on. There are numerous reasons why these professionals are so valuable to your home’s landscape and overall aesthetics. You may think you can handle it on your own. On the other hand, you want your landscaping to be the best in the entire neighborhood. Can you do it on your own? You may be able to do so, but when you call on a professional, you will have a guaranteed approach to improving the layout and beauty of your outdoor space.

Why a Professional Is Best

Why should you hire a garden designer instead of just doing it yourself? There are actually numerous reasons why these professionals can help you.

A professional is able to create the space you want to do what you want. In other words, his or her skill can help you to get the function you want out of the landscaping. That is not the easiest thing to do on your own.

What is the budget? If you do not want to spend a lot of money on the project, or you need to stay within a specific budget, it is best to turn to a professional to get the job done. You can often get more for less with these professionals.

Do you have a specific idea in mind but don’t know where to get the supplies you need? That is another reason to call on these professionals.

Are you searching for the help you need to get your design off the ground? Perhaps you have no idea even where to start. This type of professional can help ensure the right design for your needs is put into place.

It is a good idea to turn to a professional garden designer to ensure that your system is structurally sound. From hard and soft landscaping the installation and design needs to ensure water flows away from the home. It also needs to work to reduce water needs.

With a professional, you get a garden that will grow and do wonderful things for you. Without that professional, you have to assume that your plants and lawn are getting the right nutrients necessary.

To ensure that your landscaping has the right tools to grow and do wonderful things, turn to a professional. A garden designer will work with you, hand in hand, to design the space that is right for you, based on what your likes and needs are. It is also a good idea to turn to a professional just for the experience. You will learn a great deal about what you can expect from your landscaping, how to maintain it and even how to add to it or change it down the line. Hiring this professional can help make your job easier to manage overall. It adds value to your home and can help your home to shine for years to come.

Perfect Plans For Furniture

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Do you have plans to change your furniture? If yes then, you can easily purchase ready-made plans for furniture available in the stores nearby. But, sometimes it is tough to buy what you want to buy. Here, we give you a proper solution, which is custom made furniture. It is a cost effective from the normal furniture and lasts forever. You have wide range of plans and options available. You can actually add your own creativity and style. For every piece of furniture like bed, sofa, chairs, tables bookshelves etc you have different plans.

The fun begins when you want to change your furniture and you are looking forward to perfect plans. Perfect plans for furniture can be searched online as well as it is more convenient rather than going to different shops. Usually one spends a lot of money on purchasing plans, but there is actually no need to spend money. You can actually get these plans for furniture from online for free. Here you might find something more interesting, creative and unique than actually what you had in your mind, something that would definitely change your mind.

Wooden furniture is something that gives your home a very natural, comfortable and royal look. There are lots of people who just go get wood and start cutting without having perfect plans for furniture. And here there are making big mistake without any realization of what they are doing. So, if you have any plans for changing your furniture then, the first thing you should keep in mind is to have a perfect and detail plan for your furniture to do well.

Planning perfect furniture becomes interesting when you have a leisure time to spend on it
the plan for furniture for the desired piece should serve or suit your purpose. The plan should be easy and understandable to suit your furniture piece. The plan you have should go from one step to another from which materials used till the finished piece. Planning a perfect plan can maximize material and will have less scraps. Having perfect plans for furniture can only cut down your budget and save your money.

There are a few steps that need to be followed while planning furniture that is one should not mix too much of furniture together it would look odd. Keep the theme in your mind very clearly the color of your wall and then work accordingly. One should not forget the issue of space big pieces in a small room would not only consume lot of space, but also looks crimp. For bed room especially big furniture pieces do not look good. So, have perfect plans for furniture and then go ahead for stunning results.

Tips on how and where to find the best house

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For anyone who is a first time buyer then you will need to be aware of lots of issues before you agree to purchase a house. Initially, you might have to consider your price range. Set a limit of your dollars that you are willing to invest on your home. It will not matter that you simply are getting a tiny house or even a large home your price range really should be set prior to you go out home hunting. Contemplate your savings as well as your monthly earnings.

You certainly don’t choose to spend your entire savings on the property and in case you are thinking of taking a loan then your income must be enough enough to cover your monthly costs to repay it comfortably. The next factor you have to perform before acquiring the home is that you’ve got to choose on the specifications you need for it. Feel clearly how many rooms you want to have within your residence, the dimensions, do you’ll need a garage, a garden, a swimming pool, or perhaps a parking space.

Maintain these inside your thoughts and tell your estate agent what you need clearly, in order that they are going to show the ideal homes and you don’t waste any time. This part is incredibly critical due to the fact you may have to be comfy as well as your home has to suit your every day life style. The next factor it is best to do is go and see the property oneself. Do not rely on your estate agent to opt for a house for you or even a buddy for the reason that this can be going to be your house and you’ve to live in it not them.

You definitely do not wish to be shocked to find that your home just isn’t because it was described to you. That you are the one particular who’s going to create the payments so make sure that you just have completed a thorough inspection on the home before agreeing to get it. Check to determine if there are any faults in the residence structure yourself rather than just believing your estate agent.

Be sure that the property you might be buying is located within a convenient location. It should really be close to your perform and close to public locations. You ought to be away from the centre of town. Be sure which you have a reliable and excellent estate agent in order that that you are by no means deceived. Furthermore, your estate agent should really be able to guide you along just about every step of your way. One more thing which you can do is that you are able to try and discover a home for your self on the web or advertised inside the nearby newspaper. Houses for Sale in Cranbourne North

Real Estate in Cranbourne

Amrapali Tropical Garden – Life is Dream

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Amrapali tropical garden is that the most forthcoming residential project taking the form at specially selected location of the town. it’s the foremost thriving project launching the 2/3/4 BHK luxury residences move the sizes of 885 sq. ft. to 1185 sq. ft. flooring areas. it’s specially designed simply by proffering luxury accommodations with every kind of comforts and conveniences. it’s the simplest possibility for a contented style for that you just area unit craving from a few years. it’s calculatedly venture to guard the natural parts and serve peaceful surroundings with the special offers of healthy life to the dwellers. Thus, it’s the most most well-liked venture within the recent times by the patrons. Spread over nearly seventy acres of emerald landscapes, the luxurious space is absolutely encircled by the developed locations. the luxurious space is precisely settled at gated community and covering the seventy fifth gap areas within the desired neighborhood. it’s the best illustration of natural beauty which will attract the numerous nature lovers. By making the healthy surroundings, it’s the best possibility for inhaling the contemporary and inexperienced atmosphere. By creating the recent survey within the town, Amrapali Tropical Garden Noida Extension is generally most well-liked location by the interested home seekers. it’s a decent website altogether the respects that specify each feature within the detail.The cozy accommodations area unit absolutely designed within the fashionable designs. Marble flooring is administrated from the dinning /living area, unambiguously adorned from the interiors and exteriors.

For these residences, the high ability and wealthy expertise area unit born by the simplest and thriving designers and designers. to provide the cozy life, the project has start off with some delighted amenities like 2 tier security system, fashionable club house for game activities, athletic facility for youngsters, sufficient parking areas, seventy fifth gap areas, convenient balconies and double height terrace and inexperienced surroundings and lots of a lot of. of these options will make sure that you’ll board the ecofriendly surroundings. it’s conjointly the gated community that creates you a lot of excited and gratifying.

Amrapali Tropical Garden provides the golden opportunities for investment immense quantity of capital. By investment upper-case letter, you earn yearly profits within the simply associate degree aisle of the few years. the placement of the venture is counted to be the popular place for investors as they will take the good thing about all close location facilities. it’s very rated venture among the patrons and it’s specifically settled within the middle of network, lavish leaf and closed to the capital town.

For More Information – Amrapali Tropical Garden

How to Spot an Illegitimate Contractor When You are in need of Home Repairs

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The task of moving can be really hard on your wallet especially after taking care of closing costs and travel expenses. The search for reliable moving companies that offer their quality moving services can only add to the overall cost of your relocation. there are moving companies like American Van Lines that offer affordable moving costs and reasonable moving company insurance policies but moving services are just a fraction of the price of moving. The real cost of your move will not take shape until after you have settled into your new home. Home maintenance and repairs are expenses that first time homeowners are unfamiliar with. Things like roofing and plumbing can be costly to repair especially if you are new in town and have not had the time to find an affordable contractor to handle these repairs for you. This leads many homeowners to use illegitimate or unlicensed contractors for their home repairs.

Spotting a shady contractor may be difficult to do but if you know what to look for you should be able to tell who is looking for their next victim and who is running a respectable business. Some contractors will try to force you into making a rushed decision by trying to scare you into using their services. Remember this the next time you have to evaluate a potential contractor for your home repairs. Since there is not definite way to tell exactly how long your home will last without repairs, you should avoid contractors that use comments that speak of impending doom like “your home is going to come down on your head”. A legitimate contractor would give you the results of their assessments without mentioning any bad scenarios.

Price quotes are another way to tell if you are dealing with a reputable contactor. Most shady contractors will pretend as if they can asses the cost of a complicated repair with a simple glance. Even the most experienced contractors need to carefully examine your repairs before they can honestly tell how much you should be charged. Once your home has been evaluated, they will insist on giving you a details inventory of how your repair costs was determined.

Any contractor that asks for their payment upfront may not have the best intentions in mind. A legitimate contractor may ask for a down payment or a percentage of their total repair cost. You will also be able get these agreements in writing from a legitimate contractor.

Know About Iranian Architecture

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Iranian architecture displays a class and elegance that cannot be matched with any other style of architecture and design. It is quite distinct from that of Muslim countries. The major features of Iranian architecture are: structural ingenuity basically in vault and dome construction; a skill of decoration with freedom and intricacy incomparable to any other form of architecture.

The pre-Islamic buildings include the remarkable Elamite ziggurat at Chogha Zanbil. Baked brick was used for outer surfaces by the 12th century BC. Most of the greatest buildings were built with a religious purpose, and even in secular buildings religious influences are entirely absent. Palaces were present, and their shapes, sizes and colors varied according to the ruling dynasty.

The first great development of ancient Persian architecture took place under the Achaemenid dynasty during the Persian Empire, from about 550 to 330 BC. There are numerous remains of Achaemenian period, including two palaces, a sacred precinct, a citadel, a tower, and the tomb of Cyrus.

Royal architecture under the Achaemenid also included tombs cut in solid rock, of which the best-known examples are those at Naqshah Rostam near Persepolis. Little is known of the popular building practices of the period, but archaeologists believe that the ordinary dwelling was made of mud brick. After the conquest of Persia by Alexander the Great, Greek influence, in its late, Hellenistic phase, was predominant in the arts of Persia. Examples include fragments of bronze sculpture found at Shami, and the Parthian sculptural reliefs at Behistun.

During the Islamic period “mosques” became the major buildings in Iranian architecture. Outstanding examples of early Islamic Iranian architecture include the Mosque of Baghdad built in 764, the Great Mosque at Samarra erected in 847, and the early 10th-century mosque at Nayin.

After the 17th century, Iranian artists copied European paintings and engravings, and the native traditions declined. But Iranian architecture still managed to leave a huge impact on the world.

Contractor’s Plant & Machinery Insurance- Benefits And Exclusions

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Coverage: Plant and equipment often constitute a considerable part of a building contractor’s investment. Contractor’s Plant and Machinery insurance is an exclusive all risks policy covering the plant and machinery used by the contractors at the site for various projects.
Contractors Plant and Machinery Insurance covers the property whether they are at work or at rest, or being dismantled for the purpose of cleaning or overhauling, or in the course of operations or when being shifted within the premises or during subsequent re-erection, but in any case only after successful commissioning.

Interest Covered: Illustrations of machineries/equipment that can be covered under Contractors Plant & Machinery insurance are-
– Earthmoving equipment: Bulldozer, grader, scraper, excavator, loader, dumper, etc
– Concrete mixer, concrete pumps
– Lifting equipment and drilling equipment Road surfacing equipment:
– Batching plant for production of concrete of asphalt
– Concrete or bitumen paving machines
– Bitumen tank sprayers (iv) rollers

Duration: Normally on annual basis and to be renewed periodically

Scope: It is an all risks insurance policy covering loss or damage to the property by any cause other than those excluded-
– Fire, lightning, explosion, aircraft damage
– Riot, strike, malicious act
– Flood, inundation, storm, cyclone and allied perils
– Landslide, subsidence and rockslide
– Burglary and theft
– Collision, overturning and falling of foreign object
– Any other sudden, unforeseen, accidental damages not explicitly excluded

Exclusions: Some of the special exclusions under the policy are-
– Electrical /mechanical breakdown
– Vehicles designed and licensed for general road
– Hull and machinery of waterborne vessel/crafts
– Plant/machinery working underground
– Equipments undergoing testing
– Replaceable parts
– Loss or damage due to explosion of boiler/pressure vessel
– Total or partial immersion in tidal waters
– Whilst in transit
– Consequential Loss

Extensions: Cover can be extended to includes up to a limit chosen by you on the following on payment of additional premium-
– Owner’s surrounding property
– Clearence and removal of debris
– Additional customs duty
– Express freight
– Air freight
– Third party liability
– Floater cover
– Dismantling
– Earthquake
– Escalation”””